Article IV - U.S. Constitution
Article Text | AnnotationsSection 1.
Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
The Citizens of each State shall be entitled to all Privileges and Immunities of Citizens in the several States.
A Person charged in any State with Treason, Felony, or other Crime, who shall flee from Justice, and be found in another State, shall on Demand of the executive Authority of the State from which he fled, be delivered up, to be removed to the State having Jurisdiction of the Crime.
No Person held to Service or Labour in one State, under the Laws thereof, escaping into another, shall, in Consequence of any Law or Regulation therein, be discharged from such Service or Labour, but shall be delivered up on Claim of the Party to whom such Service or Labour may be due.
New States may be admitted by the Congress into this Union; but no new State shall be formed or erected within the Jurisdiction of any other State; nor any State be formed by the Junction of two or more States, or Parts of States, without the Consent of the Legislatures of the States concerned as well as of the Congress.
The Congress shall have Power to dispose of and make all needful Rules and Regulations respecting the Territory or other Property belonging to the United States; and nothing in this Constitution shall be so construed as to Prejudice any Claims of the United States, or of any particular State.
The United States shall guarantee to every State in this Union a Republican Form of Government, and shall protect each of them against Invasion; and on Application of the Legislature, or of the Executive (when the Legislature cannot be convened) against domestic Violence.
Article IV - States' Relations
- Section 1. Full Faith and Credit
- Sources and Effect of This Provision
- Private International Law
- Judgments: Effect to Be Given in Forum State
- In General
- Jurisdiction: A Prerequisite to Enforcement of Judgments
- Divorce Decrees: Domicile as the Jurisdictional Prerequisite
- Other Types of Decrees
- Penal Judgments: Types Entitled to Recognition
- Fraud as a Defense to Suits on Foreign Judgments
- Recognition of Rights Based Upon Constitutions, Statutes, Common Law
- Development of the Modern Rule
- Full Faith and Credit: Miscellany
- Full Faith and Credit in Federal Court
- Evaluation of Results Under Provision
- Scope of Powers of Congress Under Provision
- Judgments of Foreign States
- Section 2. Interstate Comity
- Clause 1. State Citizenship: Privileges and Immunities
- Clause 2. Interstate Rendition
- Duty to Surrender Fugitives from Justice
- Clause 3. Fugitives from Labor
- Section 3. Admission of New States to Union; Property of United States
- Clause 1. Admission of New States to Union
- Clause 2. Property of the United States
- Section 4. Obligations of United States to States
- Guarantee of Republican Form of Government